Acetylcholinesterase, Enzym, das an den postsynaptischen Membranen cholinerger Synapsen vorkommt und die Spaltung des Transmitters Acetylcholin in Cholin und Acetat katalysiert, wodurch eine Dauererregung verhindert wird.

Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie. 2013.

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  • Acetylcholinesterase — Acetylcholinesterase, also known as AChE, is an enzyme that degrades (through its hydrolytic activity) the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, producing choline and an acetate group. It is mainly found at neuromuscular junctions and cholinergic… …   Wikipedia

  • Acetylcholinesterase — Vorhandene Strukturdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • acetylcholinesterase — n. 1. an enzyme which exists in nerve cells and hydrolyses acetylcholine into choline and acetic acid. Note: It is essential for neurotransmission at autonomous synapses and neuromuscular junctions, and its inhibition by acetylcholinesterase… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acétylcholinestérase — ● acétylcholinestérase nom féminin Enzyme catalysant spécifiquement l hydrolyse de l acétylcholine en acide acétique et choline …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • acetylcholinesterase — acetilcholinesterazė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Fermentas, katalizuojantis acetilcholino hidrolizę. atitikmenys: angl. acetylcholinesterase rus. ацетилхолинэстераза …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • acetylcholinesterase — noun Date: 1938 an enzyme that occurs especially in some nerve endings and in the blood and promotes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • acetylcholinesterase — /euh seet l koh leuh nes teuh rays , rayz , euh set , as i tl /, n. Biochem. an enzyme that hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine: its action is blocked by nerve gases and certain drugs. [1945 50; ACETYLCHOLINE + ESTERASE] * * * …   Universalium

  • acetylcholinesterase — noun An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine into choline and acetic acid. See Also: acetylcholine, acetyl …   Wiktionary

  • acetylcholinesterase — The cholinesterases that hydrolyze acetylcholine to acetate and choline within the central nervous system and at peripheral neuroeffector junctions ( e.g., motor endplates and autonomic ganglia). SYN: choline esterase I …   Medical dictionary

  • acetylcholinesterase — [ˌasɪtʌɪlˌkəʊlɪn ɛstəreɪz, tɪl ] noun Biochemistry an enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine, stopping excitation of a nerve after transmission of an impulse …   English new terms dictionary

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